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PSYCHOLOGY AND JAPAN

 

We want to present here few thoughts about "Psychology and Japan".

Feel free to share with us your finds and send us the documents that you find interesting. This part will be enriched gradually...

Also, we propose to lend for free various french books about psychology, psychoanalysis and human sciences in general for the french speaking people of Tokyo, professionals and individuals... For more information, please click here!

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Historical development of psychology in Japan

Nicolas Bosc, Ph.D

 


Psychology in Japan developed gradually since the mid-nineteenth century and the opening of the country after its long feudal period. Foreign cooperation played an important role in this development: Holland, Germany, but especially the U.S are the main countries that hosted japanese students and researchers for further training. Primarily experimental in its origins, psychology became after the Second World War mainly educational in Japan. Since the early 1990s a new trend is rapidly developing: clinical psychology and counseling in particular. About psychoanalysis, it was a pretty fickle development during the twentieth century and stay currently quite marginal despite a trial for new start today in particular by the recent reforms around the training of psychoanalysts who was one of the problematic areas of the discipline in Japan. Today, clinical psychology is therefore in its beginnings and it will be interesting to see its future development and perhaps the birth of new approaches related to Japanese culture and more widely Asian thought.

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Suicide in Japan: current status

Nicolas Bosc, Ph.D

 


Compared to developed countries, suicide is especially high in Japan, of about 25 deaths per year per 100,000 population. The country ranks as the 2nd largest OECD countries most affected by suicide, and the 8th largest in the world. Suicide affects mainly middle-aged men (35-65 years) and is the leading cause of death among young adults, men and women during their prime working years. The suicide rate is particularly sensitive to the economic situation of the country (recession or economic crisis...) and professional concerns of the person (unemployment, career-accidents, financial difficulties, debts...). It has increased by nearly 40% in Japan during the last Asian economic crisis of 1998. Profound cultural and social basis are required to take into account to situate suicide in Japan: it holds a special place in Japanese history through the suicide of samurais and celebrities and sometimes refers to a search for lost honour. In 2006, new sets of measures were adopted by the Japanese government to try to reduce the suicide rate of 20% by 2016.

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Presentation of Yukio Mishima's book (The Music)

Nicolas Bosc, Ph.D

Mishima


We inaugurate this section with Mishima's book "Ongaku" (The Music) which is a treasure for anyone who seeks to approach the Japanese psychoanalysis. Above all, it should be noted the originality of this book which comes from real events. Indeed, Mishima himself says in the preface of the book, that he wrote this story from the clinical notes that it has received from a Japanese a psychoanalyst which was inteersted by the remarkable story of one of her patients.

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The Center for Psychological Studies in Tokyo (2012)
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